Air Monitoring Applications

Petrochemical Industry Air Sampling

The petroleum refining industry has advanced from producing cheap kerosene as its main role during inception to its diversity today where the demands of modern transportation have led to production of gasoline, diesel and jet fuels. Industrial innovations have created the demand for petrochemical products such as lubricants, solvents, process oils and resins; also, specialty products like asphalt, wax and coke. Modern oil refineries produce a variety of different products including many that are used in the petrochemical industry as feedstock.

Employees who work in this industry are at risk for exposure to chemical compounds detrimental to their health and safety. Communities may also assume similar risks. Supelco offers a range of products for air monitoring of industrial conditions to assure worker and community safety.

Our air monitoring products are useful for sampling of Indoor Air and Ambient Air.

Oil Spill Response

Controlled Burning of Surface Oil
Initial efforts to reduce the spread of an oil spill often begin with controlled burning which tends to have less toxic effects than dispersant methods. During burning operations, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are released from the crude oil into the air. In addition to VOCs, crude oil contains toxic metals such as mercury and lead and other combustion products at low levels such as aldehydes and acid gases.

Use of Dispersants
In certain oil spill situations, such as the devastating BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico on April 20, 2010; the US EPA and Coast Guard granted BP the authority to use approved dispersants on the surface and in deep water to reduce the impact of the spill on neighboring coastlines. Dispersants contain a mixture of solvents, surfactants and additives which act to break up the oil into less toxic compounds that degrade more readily thus reducing the impact of the oil’s toxicity to the environment. In most cases, crude oil is more toxic than the dispersants however; they have their own toxicity levels and are being used at significantly higher volumes where little is known about their environmental impact.

In the case of the BP Oil Spill, two dispersants were initially employed-Corexit™ EC9500A and EC9527A which contain the commonly known contaminants-propylene glycol and 2-butoxyethanol (known carcinogen). It is difficult to determine what these dispersants actually contain because their contents are not disclosed due to trade secrets. However, Corexit dispersants were employed for the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill clean-up and health issues associated with their use are headaches, vomiting, respiratory system disorders, nervous system disorders, liver system disorders, blood disorders, and reproductive problems in high doses.

Contaminants of Interest for the Petrochemical Industry

AIr Monitoring Petrochemical Applications

 

Air Sampling Media by Regulatory Method
Method Contaminants of Interest Sampling Media
OSHA
OSHA 7 Organic Vapors Sorbent Tube – Coconut Charcoal; ORBO-32S (20267-U)
Passive Sampling – Radiello BTEX/VOCs (RAD130)
OSHA 12 Benzene Sorbent Tube – Coconut Charcoal; ORBO-32S (20267-U)
Passive Sampling – Radiello BTEX/VOC (RAD130)
OSHA 48 Petroleum Distillates Sorbent Tube – Coconut Charcoal; ORBO-32S (20267-U)
OSHA 58 Coal Tar Pitch Volatiles & Selected PAHs Filter – A/E Glass Fiber Filter, 1mm, 37 mm (23378)
OSHA 83 2-Butoxyethanol Sorbent Tube – Coconut Charcoal; ORBO-32S (20267-U)
Passive Sampling – Radiello BTEX/VOC (RAD130)
OSHA 111 Toluene Sorbent Tube – Coconut Charcoal; ORBO-32S (20267-U)
Passive Sampling – Radiello BTEX/VOCs (RAD130 / RAD145)
OSHA 1002 Xylenes / Ethylbenzene Sorbent Tube – Coconut Charcoal; ORBO-32S (20267-U)
Passive Sampling – Radiello BTEX/VOCs (RAD130 / RAD145)
OSHA 1005 Benzene Sorbent Tube – Coconut Charcoal; ORBO-32S (20267-U)
Passive Sampling – Radiello BTEX/VOCs (RAD130 / RAD145)
OSHA 1007 Formaldehyde Passive Sampling – Radiello DNPH (RAD165)
OSHA 1008 Hydrogen Sulfide Sorbent Tube w/Reservoir – Silver Nitrate Coated Silica Gel +
  Sodium Carbonate/Glycerol coated GFF, PUF, SGW Plugs (New)
Passive Sampling – Radiello H2S (RAD170)
OSHA 1011 Sulfur Dioxide Sorbent Tube w/Reservoir – Silver Nitrate Coated Silica Gel +
  Sodium Carbonate/Glycerol coated GFF, PUF, SGW Plugs (New)
Passive Sampling – Radiello HF/NO2/SO2 (RAD166)
OSHA ID 110 Fluorides (F and HF) Filter – Mixed Cellulose Ester (MCE), GN-4 Metricel, 37 mm (23381-U)
Passive Sampling – Radiello HF/NO2/SO2 (RAD166)
OSHA ID 111 Phosphoric Acid Filter – Mixed Cellulose Ester (MCE), GN-4 Metricel, 37 mm (23381)
OSHA ID 113 Sulfuric Acid Filter – Mixed Cellulose Ester (MCE), GN-4 Metricel, 37 mm (23381)
OSHA ID 145 Particulate Mercury Filter – Mixed Cellulose Ester (MCE), GN-4 Metricel, 37 mm (23381)
OSHA PV2051 Propylene Glycol OSHA Versatile Sampler –OVS-7 (Custom-Inquire)
OSHA 165SG Acid Gases and Mists Sorbent Tube – Silica Gel w/GFF ORBO-53 (20265)
NIOSH
NIOSH 1501 Aromatic Hydrocarbons Sorbent Tube – Coconut Charcoal; ORBO-32S (20267-U)
Passive Sampling – Radiello BTEX/VOCs (RAD130)
NIOSH 1615 Methyl tert-Butyl Ether (MTBE) Sorbent Tube – Coconut Charcoal; ORBO-32L (20228)
NIOSH 2541 Formaldehyde by GC Sorbent Tube – 20HMP Coated XAD-2; ORBO-23 (20257)
Passive Sampler – Radiello Aldehydes (RAD165)
NIOSH 3700 Benzene by Portable GC Sorbent Tube – Coconut Charcoal; ORBO-32S (20267-U)
Passive Sampling-Radiello BTEX/VOCs (RAD130)
NIOSH 5506 Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) by HPLC Filter – Zefluor™ PTFE membrane, 2 mm, 37 mm (23390-U),
Sorbent Tube – XAD-2; ORBO-43 (20258)
NIOSH 5515 Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) by GC Filter – Zefluor™ PTFE membrane, 2 mm, 37 mm (23390-U),
Sorbent Tube – XAD-2; ORBO-43 (20258)
NIOSH 5042 Benzene-Soluble Fraction & Total Particulate (Asphalt Fume) Filter – PTFE, 5 mm, 37mm (23383), Cassette (23370-U), Support Pad (23385)
NIOSH 5800 Polyaromatic Compounds (PACs), Total Sorbent Tube – XAD-2; ORBO-43 (20258)
NIOSH 6013 Hydrogen Sulfide Filter – Zefluor™ PTFE membrane, 0.5 mm, 25 mm (23395)
Sorbent Tube – Coconut Charcoal; ORBO-32L (20228)
Passive Sampling – Radiello H2S (RAD170)
NIOSH 7903 Inorganic Acids Sorbent Tube – Silica GFF; ORBO-53 (20265)
ASTM
ASTM D3686 Organic Vapors Sorbent Tube – Coconut Charcoal; ORBO-32S (20267-U)
Passive Sampling – Radiello BTEX/VOCs (RAD130)
ASTM D6196 Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) Thermal Desorption Tubes
Passive Sampling – Radiello BTEX/VOCs (RAD145)
ASTM D6209 Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) PUF Samplers w/XAD-2 (21233-U, 21235-U)
EPA
EPA TO-13A Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) by GC/MS Polyurethane Foam (PUF); ORBO-2000 (20037)
EPA IP-7 Determination of benzo(a)pyrene and other Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) Polyurethane Foam (PUF); ORBO-2000 (20037)
EPA TO-15 Toxic Organic Compounds in Ambient Air Thermal Desorption Tubes
Passive Sampling – Radiello BTEX/VOCs (RAD130 / RAD145)
EPA TO-17 Polar and non-polar VOCs, select aldehydes Sorbent Tube – Solvent Desorption & DNPH Tubes,
   Thermal Desorption Tubes
Passive Sampling – Radiello BTEX/VOCs (RAD130 / RAD145)
ORBO-65P (20029-U), 65M (20028-U)

 

Analytical Reference Standards by Regulatory Agency
View the complete listing of available chemical standards grouped by regulatory agency in our web catalog.
Or, use our Standards Explorer to perform a quick search.

 

Application Chromatograms
View GC applications for volatiles, hydrocarbons, and semivolatiles
View Air Monitoring applications