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The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics

Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of nifedipine in untreated and atorvastatin-treated hyperlipidemic rats.


PMID 10490903

Abstract

Nifedipine, a hypertensive calcium channel blocker, is commonly administered to subjects with coronary heart disease who often exhibit hyperlipidemia. In general, the pharmacokinetic consequences of hyperlipidemia include increased total drug concentrations and decreased unbound fraction in plasma. However, the pharmacodynamic consequences of hyperlipidemia are conflicting; unaltered, increased, or decreased pharmacological effects are reported. In this study, the effect of experimental hyperlipidemia on pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic consequences of nifedipine was studied. After establishing a dose (0.05-0.3 mg.kg(-1))-effect relationship, single 0.1 mg.kg(-1) i.v. doses of nifedipine were administered to control and poloxamer 407-induced hyperlipidemic (with and without cholesterol-lowering agent atorvastatin) rats. Mean arterial pressure, total as well as unbound nifedipine plasma concentrations, and total cholesterol were monitored. Hyperlipidemia significantly decreased systemic clearance of nifedipine by 40% and increased T(1/2) and area under the plasma concentration-time curve by 85 and 65%, respectively. Compared with the hyperlipidemic group, atorvastatin-treated rats had significantly lower total plasma cholesterol (0-70%), increased systemic clearance (39%), and decreased T(1/2) (27%) and area under the plasma concentration-time curve (24%). Hyperlipidemia prolonged pharmacological T(1/2) of nifedipine by 300%. Atorvastatin treatment significantly reduced this prolongation to 46%. There was a significant correlation between mean blood pressure and the total but not unbound nifedipine plasma concentrations. Hyperlipidemia potentiates the hypotensive effect of nifedipine by increasing its total plasma concentrations despite decreased unbound drug concentration.

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N7634
Nifedipine, ≥98% (HPLC), powder
C17H18N2O6