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Histopathology

Ber EP4 and epithelial membrane antigen aid distinction of basal cell, squamous cell and basosquamous carcinomas of the skin.


PMID 10971697

Abstract

Seventy-five skin tumours were studied to investigate the value of immunohistochemistry in differentiating basal cell, squamous cell and basosquamous carcinomas of the skin. Archived paraffin-embedded tissue samples of basal cell carcinomas (n = 39), squamous cell carcinomas (n = 23) and basosquamous carcinomas (n = 13) were stained immunohistochemically using a panel of antibodies. All of the basal cell carcinomas stained positively for Ber EP4, in contrast to the group of squamous cell carcinomas, that showed no staining. Basosquamous carcinomas all showed at least some areas of Ber EP4 positivity. None of the basal cell carcinomas, but most of the squamous cell carcinomas (22 of 23) expressed epithelial membrane antigen (EMA). Only one of the basosquamous carcinomas expressed EMA positivity focally. CAM 5.2, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and 34betaE12 antibodies lacked specificity in relation to the different tumour types. Distinction of basal and squamous cell carcinomas of the skin can be readily achieved with routine immunohistochemistry using Ber EP4 and EMA. Identification of basosquamous carcinoma is also facilitated with this method.