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RNA (New York, N.Y.)

Assembly of the human signal recognition particle (SRP): overlap of regions required for binding of protein SRP54 and assembly control.


PMID 11680843

Abstract

Assembly of the human signal recognition particle (SRP) entails the incorporation of protein SRP54, mediated by a protein SRP1 9-induced conformational change in SRP RNA. To localize the region that controls this crucial step in the assembly of human SRP RNA, four chimeras, Ch-1 to Ch-4, composed of portions of human and Methanococcus jannashii SRP RNAs, were generated by PCR site-directed mutagenesis from a larger precursor. Protein-binding activities of the hybrid RNAs were determined using purified human SRP19 and a polypeptide (SRP54M) that corresponded to the methionine-rich domain of human SRP54. Mutant Ch-1 containing the large domain of M. jannashii SRP RNA, as well as mutant Ch-2 RNA in which helices 6 and 8 were replaced, bound SRP54M independently of SRP19. Mutant Ch-3 RNA, which contained M. jannashii helix 6, required SRP19 for binding of SRP54M, but mutant Ch-4 RNA, which possessed M. jannashii helix 8, bound SRP54M without SRP19. We concluded that the formation of a stable ternary complex did not rely on extensive conformational changes that might take place throughout the large domain of SRP, but was controlled by a smaller region encompassing certain RNA residues at positions 177 to 221. Five chimeric RNAs altered within helix 8 were used to investigate the potential role of a significant AA-to-U change and to determine the boundaries of the assembly control region. Reduced protein-binding activities of these chimeras demonstrated a considerable overlap of regions required for SRP54 binding and assembly control.

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