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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

MYO18B, a candidate tumor suppressor gene at chromosome 22q12.1, deleted, mutated, and methylated in human lung cancer.


PMID 12209013

Abstract

Loss of heterozygosity on chromosome 22q has been detected in approximately 60% of advanced nonsmall cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) as well as small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC), suggesting the presence of a tumor suppressor gene on 22q that is involved in lung cancer progression. Here, we isolated a myosin family gene, MYO18B, located at chromosome 22q12.1 and found that it is frequently deleted, mutated, and hypermethylated in lung cancers. Somatic MYO18B mutations were detected in 19% (14/75) of lung cancer cell lines and 13% (6/46) of primary lung cancers of both SCLC and NSCLC types. MYO18B expression was reduced in 88% (30/34) of NSCLC and 47% (8/17) of SCLC cell lines. Its expression was restored by treatment with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine in 11 of 14 cell lines with reduced MYO18B expression, and the promoter CpG island of the MYO18B gene was methylated in 17% (8/47) of lung cancer cell lines and 35% (14/40) of primary lung cancers. Furthermore, restoration of MYO18B expression in lung carcinoma cells suppressed anchorage-independent growth. These results indicate that the MYO18B gene is a strong candidate for a novel tumor suppressor gene whose inactivation is involved in lung cancer progression.