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The Journal of organic chemistry

The aminomethylation of electron-rich aromatics with an N-silyl-N,O-acetal catalyzed by a metal triflate-TMSCl system: facile synthesis of aromatic primary amines, 1-aryl-trichloroethylamines.


PMID 12530875

Abstract

The copper(II) triflate- and hafnium(IV) triflate-catalyzed aminomethylation of indole (2) with an N-silyl-N,O-acetal 1 containing a trichloromethyl group provides the primary amine derivative (3a) in modest yield. When 1 equiv of trimethylchlorosilane (TMSCl) was added to the reaction mixture, the reaction proceeded smoothly, and the yield of 3a was dramatically improved (>90%). The use of this catalytic system permitted the introduction of an aminomethyl group onto indoles 2a-h bearing a variety of functional groups, which appears to deactivate the Lewis acid, in 52-92% yields. Hf(OTf)4-doped TMSCl catalyzed the successful aminomethylation of various electron-rich aromatic compounds 4a-j to produce 1-aryl-trichloroethylamine derivatives 5a-j.

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