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Biochemistry. Biokhimiia

Isolation and properties of pectinases from the fungus Aspergillus japonicus.


PMID 12882638

Abstract

Using anion-exchange chromatography on different carriers and phenyl-Sepharose hydrophobic chromatography, five pectolytic enzymes were isolated from the culture liquid of a mutant strain of Aspergillus japonicus: two endo-polygalacturonases (I and II, 38 and 65 kD, pI 5.6 and 3.3), pectin lyase (50 kD, pI 3.8), and two pectinesterases (I and II) with similar molecular weights (46 and 47 kD) and the same pI (3.8). The pectinesterases apparently represent two isoforms of the same enzyme. All purified enzymes were homogenous according to SDS-PAGE and polyacrylamide gel-IEF, except for endo-polygalacturonase II that gave two bands on isoelectric focusing, but one band on electrophoresis. All enzymes had maximal activity in an acid medium (at pH 4.0-5.5). The pectin lyase and pectinesterase were stable at 40-50 degrees C. The thermal stability of both endo-polygalacturonases was much lower (after 3 h of incubation at 30 degrees C, endo-polygalacturonases I and II lost 40 and 10% of the activity, respectively). The activity of endo-polygalacturonases I and II towards polygalacturonic acid strongly depended on NaCl concentration (optimal concentration of the salt was 0.1-0.2 M); the enzymes were also capable of reducing the viscosity of pectin solution, but rather slowly. The pectin lyase had no activity towards polygalacturonic acid. The activity of the pectin lyase increased with increasing degree of methylation of pectins. Both endo-polygalacturonases demonstrated synergism with the pectinesterase during the hydrolysis of highly methylated pectin. On the contrary, in the mixture of pectin lyase and pectinesterase an antagonism between the two enzymes was observed.

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