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Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin

Precolumn derivatization of nucleotides based on fluorescent carbamate formation of the sugar moieties in high-performance liquid chromatography.


PMID 1446378

Abstract

The fluorescence derivatization of nucleotides with 2-(5-chlorocarbonyl-2-oxazolyl)-5,6-methylenedioxybenzo++ furan in the presence of sodium azide and the separation of the derivatives by high-performance liquid chromatography are described. The reagent reacts with 5'-terminal hydroxyl groups of nucleotides to produce the corresponding fluorescent carbamates. The derivatives of mono- and oligonucleotides are separated by chromatography on a reversed phase column (TSKgel ODS-80TM) and the derivatives of octa- and deca-nucleotides on a size exclusion column (TSKgel G3000SWXL). The detection limits (signal-to-noise ratio = 3) are 0.8-6.0 pmol on column. 5'Phosphorylated nucleotide also gives a fluorescent derivative after alkaline phosphatase-mediated dephosphorylation.