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Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences

Galactonate determination in urine by stable isotope dilution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.


PMID 14751793

Abstract

A stable isotope dilution assay was developed for the sensitive determination of D-galactonic acid. D-[U-13C(6)]galactono-1,4-lactone was prepared as internal standard. Unlabelled and U-13C-labelled D-galactonic acid species were converted to the N-(1-butyl)galactonamide pentaacetate derivatives and assessed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Positive chemical ionisation and monitoring of the [MH-60](+)-ions in the galactonate chromatographic peak at m/z 402 and m/z 408 were used for quantification. The procedure was applied to study the variability of D-galactonate excretion in healthy subjects and galactosemic patients and to monitor the D-galactonate-D-galactitol ratio in human urine.