EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Journal of lipid research

Identification of the peroxisomal beta-oxidation enzymes involved in the degradation of long-chain dicarboxylic acids.


PMID 15060085

Abstract

Dicarboxylic acids (DCAs) are omega-oxidation products of monocarboxylic acids. After activation by a dicarboxylyl-CoA synthetase, the dicarboxylyl-CoA esters are shortened via beta-oxidation. Although it has been studied extensively where this beta-oxidation process takes place, the intracellular site of DCA oxidation has remained controversial. Making use of fibroblasts from patients with defined mitochondrial and peroxisomal fatty acid oxidation defects, we show in this paper that peroxisomes, and not mitochondria, are involved in the beta-oxidation of C16DCA. Additional studies in fibroblasts from patients with X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy, straight-chain acyl-CoA oxidase (SCOX) deficiency, d-bifunctional protein (DBP) deficiency, and rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata type 1, together with direct enzyme measurements with human recombinant l-bifunctional protein (LBP) and DBP expressed in a fox2 deletion mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, show that the main enzymes involved in beta-oxidation of C16DCA are SCOX, both LBP and DBP, and sterol carrier protein X, possibly together with the classic 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase. This is the first indication of a specific function for LBP, which has remained elusive until now.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

392979
15-Hydroxypentadecanoic acid, 97%
C15H30O3