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Cancer research

HCMOGT-1 is a novel fusion partner to PDGFRB in juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia with t(5;17)(q33;p11.2).


PMID 15087372

Abstract

PDGFRB, a transmembrane tyrosine kinase receptor for platelet-derived growth factor, is constitutively activated by gene fusion with different partners in myeloproliferative/myelodysplastic disorders with peculiar clinical characteristics. Six alternative partner genes have been described thus far. In this study, we report the molecular cloning of a novel translocation t(5;17)(q33;p11.2) in a case of juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia. The novel partner gene was identified as HCMOGT-1 using 5'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends; fluorescence in situ hybridization and reverse transcriptase-PCR analyses confirmed that the translocation resulted in PDGFRB/HCMOGT-1 fusion. We show that the breakpoint of PDGFRB occurred at the same site of all previously reported PDGFRB translocations.