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The Journal of biological chemistry

CCTeta, a novel soluble guanylyl cyclase-interacting protein.


PMID 15347653

Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) transduces most of its biological effects through activation of the heterodimeric enzyme, soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC). Activation of sGC results in the production of cGMP from GTP. In this paper, we demonstrate a novel protein interaction between CCT (chaperonin containing t-complex polypeptide) subunit eta and the alpha1beta1 isoform of sGC. CCTeta was found to interact with the beta1 subunit of sGC via a yeast-two-hybrid screen. This interaction was then confirmed in vitro with a co-immunoprecipitation from mouse brain. The interaction between these two proteins was further supported by a co-localization of the proteins within rat brain. Using the yeast two-hybrid system, CCTeta was found to bind to the N-terminal portion of sGC. In vitro assays with purified CCTeta and Sf9 lysate expressing sGC resulted in a 30-50% inhibition of diethylamine diazeniumdiolate-NO-stimulated sGC activity. The same assays were then performed using BAY41-2272, an NO-independent allosteric sGC activator, and CCTeta had no effect on this activity. Furthermore, CCTeta had no effect on basal or sodium nitroprusside-stimulated alphabeta(Cys-105) sGC, a constitutively active mutant that only lacks the heme group. The N-terminal 94 amino acids of CCTeta seem to be critical for the mediation of this inhibition. Lastly, a 45% inhibition of sGC activity by CCTeta was seen in vivo in BE2 cells stably transfected with CCTeta and treated with sodium nitroprusside. These data suggest that CCTeta binds to sGC and, in cooperation with some other factor, inhibits its activity by modifying the binding of NO to the heme group or the subsequent conformational changes.