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The epithelial calcium channels TRPV5 and TRPV6: regulation and implications for disease.


PMID 15747113

Abstract

The epithelial Ca(2+) channels TRPV5 and TRPV6 represent a new family of Ca(2+) channels that belongs to the superfamily of transient receptor potential channels. TRPV5 and TRPV6 constitute the apical Ca(2+) entry mechanism in active Ca(2+) transport in kidney and intestine. The central role of TRPV5 and TRPV6 in active Ca(2+) (re)absorption makes it a prime target for regulation to maintain Ca(2+) balance. This review covers the hormonal regulation, interaction with accessory proteins and (patho)physiological implications of these epithelial Ca(2+) channels.

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