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European journal of biochemistry

Swainsonine is a useful tool to monitor the intracellular traffic of N-linked glycoproteins as a function of the state of enterocytic differentiation of HT-29 cells.


PMID 1577000

Abstract

After treatment with swainsonine, an inhibitor of both lysosomal alpha-mannosidase and Golgi alpha-mannosidase-II activities, analysis of [3H]mannose-labeled glycans showed that HT-29 cells, derived from a human colonic adenocarcinoma, displayed distinct patterns of N-glycan expression, depending upon their state of enterocytic differentiation. In differentiated HT-29 cells hybrid-type chains were detected, whereas undifferentiated HT-29 cells accumulated high-mannose-type oligosaccharide, despite our demonstration of Golgi alpha-mannosidase-II activity in both cell populations. Pulse/chase experiments carried out in the presence of swainsonine revealed that the persistence of high-mannose-type chains in undifferentiated HT-29 cells was the result of the stabilization of glycoproteins substituted with these glycans. These data suggest that in undifferentiated HT-29 cells, glycoproteins with high-mannose-type oligosaccharides are delivered to a degradative compartment containing swainsonine-sensitive alpha-mannosidase(s), whereas in differentiated HT-29 cells glycoproteins enter a compartment in which alpha-mannosidase II (Golgi apparatus) is present. Thus, this apparent dual effect of swainsonine on N-glycan trimming may reflect differences in the intracellular traffic of glycoproteins as a function of the state of enterocytic differentiation of HT-29 cells.