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The Journal of general virology

Susceptibility of B lymphocytes to adenovirus type 5 infection is dependent upon both coxsackie-adenovirus receptor and alphavbeta5 integrin expression.


PMID 15914844

Abstract

Human lymphocytes are resistant to genetic modification, particularly from recombinant adenoviruses, thus hampering the analysis of gene function using adenoviral vectors. This study engineered an Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B-lymphoblastoid cell line permissive to adenovirus infection and elucidated key roles for both the coxsackie-adenovirus receptor and alphavbeta5 integrin in mediating entry of adenoviruses into these cells. The work identified a strategy for engineering B cells to become susceptible to adenovirus infection and showed that such a strategy could be useful for the introduction of genes to alter lymphoblastoid-cell gene expression.