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Analytical chemistry

Measurement of 18 perfluorinated organic acids and amides in human serum using on-line solid-phase extraction.


PMID 16159145

Abstract

We have developed an on-line solid-phase extraction (SPE) method coupled to high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) for measuring trace levels of 18 perfluorinated chemicals (3 perfluorosulfonates, 8 perfluorocarboxylates, 7 perfluorosulfonamides) in serum. Without protein precipitation, only dilution with 0.1 M formic acid, one aliquot of 100 microL of serum was injected into a commercial column switching system that allowed for concurrent SPE and HPLC-MS/MS acquisition. First, the analytes were concentrated on a C18 SPE column. Then, this column was placed automatically in front of a C8 analytic HPLC column for chromatographic separation of the analytes. Detection and quantification were done using negative-ion TurboIonSpray ionization, a variant of electrospray ionization, MS/MS. Excellent recovery was achieved for all analytes including the volatile sulfonamide derivatives that could not be determined before using traditional off-line SPE methods. The high throughput and low limits of detection (0.05-0.8 ng/mL) using a small sample volume (100 microL of serum) and isotope dilution quantification make this method suitable for large-scale epidemiologic studies.

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50929
Tridecafluorohexane-1-sulfonic acid potassium salt, ≥98.0% (T)
C6F13KO3S