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Artificial organs

Biomimetic bilayered gelatin-chondroitin 6 sulfate-hyaluronic acid biopolymer as a scaffold for skin equivalent tissue engineering.


PMID 16480388

Abstract

In order to develop an adequate scaffold for skin tissue engineering, a bilayered gelatin-chondroitin 6 sulfate-hyaluronic acid membrane with a different pore size on either side was prepared. A rete ridges-like topographic microporous structure, which provided the paracrine crosstalk in the epithelial-mesenchymal interactions, was formed. Chondroitin-6-sulfate and hyaluronic acid were incorporated within the gelatin membrane to mimic skin composition and create an appropriate microenvironment for cell proliferation, differentiation, and migration. In the study, the lower layer of the membrane (pore size: 150 microm) was seeded with dermal fibroblasts and acted as the feeder layer for keratinocyte inoculation. Meanwhile, the upper layer (pore size: 20-50 microm) was seeded with keratinocytes for epidermalization. The dermal fibroblasts were dynamically seeded in a self-designed spinner flask for more even cell distribution. The keratinocytes were cultured in submerged conditions for 5 days and then in an air-liquid interface condition for further differentiation. After being cultured for 21 days, the upper layer, seeded with keratinocytes, developed into an epidermis-like structure while the lower part, which was seeded with dermal fibroblasts developed into a dermis-like structure. A histological examination and immunostain were used to prove that keratinocytes maintain their phenotype and stratified epidermis layers were formed within 21 days. In brief, the bilayered skin substitute with biological dermal analog and epidermal structure was successfully fabricated. From this study, we can suggest that the culture model is suitable for autologous skin equivalent preparation.