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The Journal of biological chemistry

Pulmonary angiotensin-converting enzyme. Structural and catalytic properties.


PMID 169257

Abstract

Angiotensin-converting enzyme has been solubilized from a particulate fraction of rabbit lung and purified to apparent homogeneity in 11% yield by a procedure including fractionation with DEAE-cellulose and calcium phosphate gel, elution from Sephadex G-200, and lectin affinity chromatography. The molecular weight estimated by equilibrium sedimentation was approximately 129,000, either in the absence or presence of 6 M guanidine hydrochloride. A slightly higher value of 140,000 determined for the reduced, denatured protein by gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate and a much higher figure derived from gel filtration are probably due to the glycoprotein nature of the enzyme. Its oligosaccharide content accounted for 26% of the weight calculated from its amino acid and carbohydrate composition. The estimated content of sugar residues per mole was: galactose, 57; N-acetylglucosamine, 53; mannose, 43; N-acetylneuraminic acid, 19; and fucose, 4. Threonine and alanine were identified, respectively, as NH2-terminal and COOH-terminal residues by the dansylation procedure and by digestion with carboxypeptidase A. The enzyme was found to contain approximately 1 g atom of zinc per mol. Km values for hydrolysis of hippurylhistidylleucine and angiotensin I were 2.3 and 0.07 mM, and the corresponding turnover numbers were 15,430 and 792 mol/min/mol at 37 degrees. Bradykinin was also a substrate, and release of its COOH-terminal dipeptide, Phe-Arg, was catalyzed at a comparable rate to that of His-Leu from the COOH terminus of angiotensin I. Enzyme activity required the presence of chloride ions and was inhibited by EDTA and by low concentrations of Bothrops bradykinin-potentiating peptides. In addition, hydrolysis of hippurylhistidylleucine was inhibited competitively by other defined peptides, including di- and tripeptides, which were not substrates.