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Journal of bacteriology

3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (CoA) synthase is involved in biosynthesis of isovaleryl-CoA in the myxobacterium Myxococcus xanthus during fruiting body formation.


PMID 16952943

Abstract

Isovaleryl-coenzyme A (IV-CoA) is the starting unit for some secondary metabolites and iso-odd fatty acids in several bacteria. According to textbook biochemistry, IV-CoA is derived from leucine degradation, but recently an alternative pathway that branches from the well-known mevalonate-dependent isoprenoid biosynthesis has been described for myxobacteria. A double mutant was constructed in Myxococcus xanthus by deletion of genes involved in leucine degradation and disruption of mvaS encoding the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A synthase. A dramatic decrease of IV-CoA-derived iso-odd fatty acids was observed for the mutant, confirming mvaS to be involved in the alternative pathway. Additional quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR experiments indicated that mvaS is transcriptionally regulated by isovalerate. Furthermore, feeding studies employing an intermediate specific for the alternative pathway revealed that this pathway is induced during fruiting body formation, which presumably increases the amount of IV-CoA available when leucine is limited.

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I9381
Isovaleryl coenzyme A lithium salt hydrate, ≥90%
C26H44N7O17P3S · xLi+ · yH2O