Veterinary immunology and immunopathology

Individual antigens of cattle. Bovine CD2 (BoCD2).

PMID 1708554


The data obtained in the workshop provide further evidence that CH128A and IL-A26 and the 12 new mAbs that form a cluster recognise the bovine orthologue of CD2. The mAbs inhibit rosetting with SRBC, stain cells in primary and secondary lymphoid organs in patterns consistent with those obtained in humans with anti-CD2 mAbs, and the 11 IgG mAbs all immunoprecipitate a peptide with a Mr of 58-62 kDa. It is not clear from the studies whether the epitopes defined by the mAbs correspond with the region I and II epitopes present on CD2. None of the data suggest that any of the mAbs recognise the region III (CDD2R) epitope (Peterson and Seed, 1987; Knapp et al., 1989). Further studies are now needed to define the physical and functional relation of the epitopes and establish whether antibody-mediated activation corresponds with that noted in humans. Data reported in one study (Baldwin et al., 1988) with IL-A26 suggest possible differences in the requirements for activation. In addition, further studies are needed to demonstrate how many cell types express BoCD2. In mice, evidence has been presented which shows the mouse orthologue is expressed on some B cells (Yagitta et al., 1989). Studies in cattle have clearly shown CD2 is present on the majority of CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells and a small population of CD4-/CD8- cells (Baldwin et al., 1988; Davis, unpublished observations). Evidence presented in this workshop has shown that some CD2+ cells express a WC2 molecule (Sopp et al., 1991).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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