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AIDS (London, England)

Evaluation of monoclonal antibodies to HIV-1 by neutralization and serological assays: an international collaboration. Collaborating Investigators.


PMID 1718320

Abstract

In a National Institutes of Health (NIH)/World Health Organization (WHO)-sponsored collaboration, 26 laboratories characterized a coded panel of monoclonal antibodies (MAb) to HIV-1 envelope protein. The MAb were evaluated by serological [radioimmunoprecipitation, immunoblot, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and peptide mapping] and neutralization assays. Although laboratories used diverse neutralization assays that vary considerably in sensitivity, qualitatively similar data were obtained. The MAb were classified into three neutralization specificities: type-specific for MN and SF2, type-specific for IIIB, and group-specific for MN, SF2, and IIIB. The group-specific MAb displayed much lower neutralizing titers than the type-specific MAb. The specificity of MAb for neutralization was greater than for serological recognition of gp120 protein or peptide epitopes. Some MAb that bound to the same or closely overlapping linear epitopes had very different neutralization properties. The distinction between serological recognition and neutralization may result from differences in affinity of the MAb or may indicate that MAb can neutralize by interactions at a site distinct from the antibody binding site.

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