Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics

Systematic review and meta-analysis: D-Penicillamine vs. placebo/no intervention in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis--Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group.

PMID 17206942


D-Penicillamine is used for patients with primary biliary cirrhosis due to its ability to decrease hepatic copper and modulate the immune response. The results on effects of D--penicillamine in randomized-clinical trials of primary biliary cirrhosis patients are inconsistent. To systematically evaluate the benefits and harms of D-penicillamine for patients with primary biliary cirrhosis. We have performed a systematic review with meta-analyses of randomized-clinical trials to evaluate the effects of D-penicillamine for primary biliary cirrhosis. The primary outcomes are mortality and mortality or liver transplantation. We analysed the data by fixed-effect and random-effect models. Seven randomized trials including 706 patients were analysed. d-Penicillamine was without significant effects on mortality (RR 1.08, 95% CI: 0.82-1.43, P = 0.56), mortality or liver transplantation (RR 1.11, 95% CI: 0.74-1.68, P = 0.62), pruritus, liver complications, progression of liver histological stage and liver biochemical variables. D--Penicillamine significantly decreased serum alanine aminotransferase activity (weighted mean difference -45 IU/L, 95% CI: -75 to -15, P < 0.05) and led to significantly more adverse events (RR 4.18, 95% CI: 1.38-12.69, P = 0.01). D-Penicillamine did not appear to reduce the risk of mortality or morbidity, and led to more adverse events in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis.

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Penicillamine, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard