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Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology

Effect of endothelin-1 on responses of isolated blood vessels to vasoconstrictor agonists.


PMID 1725343

Abstract

The effect of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on vasoconstrictor responses of the endothelium-denuded perfused rabbit ear artery to 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), histamine, and vasopressin (VP) was studied. In low concentrations with no vasoconstrictor action (0.1 and 0.3 nM), and in a concentration that increased the perfusion pressure by 70 mm Hg (1 nM), ET-1 significantly enhanced responses to the agonists studied; this enhancement was apparently mediated by an increased influx of extracellular calcium through voltage-operated channels, as it was abolished by the calcium channel antagonist nicardipine (10 nM). In contrast, higher concentrations of ET-1 (3 and 10 nM) inhibited responses to VP and 5-HT and this inhibitory effect was accentuated in the presence of nicardipine. The possible mechanism by which ET-1 exerts this inhibitory effect on vasoconstrictor responses is discussed. Because ET-1 is released from endothelial cells that are immediately adjacent to vascular smooth muscle cells, these modulatory effects of ET-1 on responses to endogenously present vasoconstrictors may play a role in vascular function.

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E7764
Endothelin 1, ≥97% (HPLC), powder
C109H159N25O32S5