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Journal of natural products

A distinctive structural twist in the aminoimidazole alkaloids from a calcareous marine sponge: isolation and characterization of leucosolenamines A and B.


PMID 17253846

Abstract

Bioassay-guided fractionation of Papua New Guinea collections of Leucosolenia sp. resulted in the isolation of the novel compounds leucosolenamines A (5) and B (6) and the known compound thymidine (7). Compound 5 contains a 2-aminoimidazole core substituted at C-4 and C-5 by an N,N-dimethyl-5,6-diaminopyrimidine-2,4-dione and a benzyl group, respectively. Compound 6 retains the same core structure; however C-4 is substituted by a 5,6-diamino-1,3-dimethyl-4-(methylimino)-3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-one moiety. This substitution pattern is unique and has never been observed in calcareous imidazole alkaloid chemistry. Leucosolenamine A (5) was mildly cytotoxic against the murine colon adenocarcinoma C-38 cell line.