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A GAPDH mutant defective in Src-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation impedes Rab2-mediated events.


PMID 17488287

Abstract

Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) has multiple intracellular activities in addition to its role in gluconeogenesis. Indeed, we have reported that GAPDH is required for Rab2-mediated retrograde transport from vesicular tubular clusters (VTCs). These diverse GAPDH activities are the result of posttranslational modifications that confer a new function to the enzyme. In that regard, GAPDH is tyrosine phosphorylated by Src. To establish the functional significance of this modification for GAPDH activity in Rab2-dependent events, an amino acid substitution was made at tyrosine 41 (GAPDH Y41F). The inability of Src to phosphorylate purified recombinant GAPDH Y41F was confirmed in an in vitro kinase assay. The mutant was then employed in a quantitative membrane-binding assay that measures Rab2 recruitment of soluble components to VTCs. As we observed with GAPDH wild type, Rab2 promoted GAPDH Y41F binding to membranes in a dose-dependent manner, indicating that GAPDH tyrosine phosphorylation is not required for VTC association. However, GAPDH was tyrosine phosphorylated on VTCs. Importantly, GAPDH Y41F blocked vesicular stomatitis virus-G transport in an assay that reconstitutes endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi trafficking, indicating that phosphorylation of tyrosine 41 is essential for GAPDH activity in the early secretory pathway. The block in transport is because of the decreased binding of atypical protein kinase C iota/lambda to GAPDH Y41F, which reduces beta-coat protein association with the VTC and subsequent formation of Rab2-mediated retrograde vesicles. Our results suggest that Src plays a pivotal role in regulating the interaction of Rab2 effectors on the VTC.

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G5262 GAPDH, standard for protein electrophoresis