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Cancer research

A novel variant of ileal bile acid binding protein is up-regulated through nuclear factor-kappaB activation in colorectal adenocarcinoma.


PMID 17909007

Abstract

Ileal bile acid binding protein (IBABP) is the only cytosolic protein known to bind and transport bile acids. Because IBABP is reportedly up-regulated in colorectal cancer, it has been suggested as a link between bile acids and the risk of colorectal cancer. However, in this study, we show that IBABP is not up-regulated. Rather, a novel transcript of the IBABP gene, which encodes an additional 49 NH(2)-terminal amino acid residues, is up-regulated in colorectal cancer (P < 0.001). The novel transcript, called IBABP-L, is also distinct from IBABP because its transcription is controlled by nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) rather than by the farnesoid X receptor. Most significantly, IBABP-L is necessary for the survival of HCT116 colon cancer cells in the presence of physiologic levels of the secondary bile acid deoxycholate. Collectively, the studies point toward a unique bile acid response pathway involving NF-kappaB and IBABP-L that could be useful for diagnosis and could potentially be targeted for therapeutic benefit.