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Bioconjugate chemistry

Synthesis of N alpha-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)-N epsilon-[N-(bromoacetyl)-beta-alanyl]-L-lysine: its use in peptide synthesis for placing a bromoacetyl cross-linking function at any desired sequence position.


PMID 1805944

Abstract

A new amino acid derivative, N alpha-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)-N epsilon-[N-(bromoacetyl)-beta-alanyl]-L-lysine (BBAL), has been synthesized as a reagent to be used in solid-phase peptide synthesis for introducing a side-chain bromoacetyl group at any desired position in a peptide sequence. The bromoacetyl group subsequently serves as a sulfhydryl-selective cross-linking function for the preparation of cyclic peptides, peptide conjugates, and polymers. BBAL is synthesized by condensation of N-bromoacetyl-beta-alanine with N alpha-Boc-L-lysine and is a white powder which is readily stored, weighed, and used with a peptide synthesizer, programmed for N alpha-Boc amino acid derivatives. BBAL residues are stable to final HF deprotection/cleavage. BBAL peptides can be directly coupled to other molecules or surfaces which possess free sulfhydryl groups by forming stable thioether linkages. Peptides containing both BBAL and cysteine residues can be self-coupled to produce either cyclic molecules or linear peptide polymers, also linked through thioether bonds. Products made with BBAL peptides may be characterized by amino acid analysis of acid hydrolyzates by quantification of beta-alanine, which separates from natural amino acids in suitable analytical systems. Where sulfhydryl groups on coupling partners arise from cysteine residues, S-(carboxymethyl)cysteine in acid hydrolyzates may also be assayed for this purpose. Examples are given of the use of BBAL in preparing peptide polymers and a peptide conjugate with bovine albumin to serve as immunogens or model vaccine components.

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