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Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry

DNA threading bis(9-aminoacridine-4-carboxamides): effects of piperidine sidechains on DNA binding, cytotoxicity and cell cycle arrest.


PMID 18329887

Abstract

We describe the synthesis of a series of DNA-threading bis(9-aminoacridine-4-carboxamides) comprising ethylpiperidino and N-methylpiperidin-4-yl sidechains, joined via neutral flexible alkyl chains, charged flexible polyamine chains and a semi-rigid charged piperazine linker. Their cytotoxicity towards human leukaemic cells gives IC(50) values ranging from 99 to 1100 nM, with the ethylpiperidino series generally being more cytotoxic than the N-methylpiperidin-4-yl series. Measurements with supercoiled DNA indicate that they bisintercalate.