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Biotechnology and bioengineering

Accumulation of heavy-metal ions by Zoogloea ramigera.


PMID 18551732

Abstract

Biomass has been produced from glucose using the organism Zoogloea ramigera 115. This biomass has been used to remove copper, cadmium, and uranyl ions from water solutions. The metal uptake was studied with two different methods: either by spectrophotometric measurements on the solutions after flocculation or by potentiometric measurements with amalgam electrodes in order to follow the entire complex formation. The metal-biopolymer interaction in 0.1M NaClO(4) is practically the same as when no neutral salt is added. The metal uptake is dependent on pH and is selective. A reversible process suitable for metal complexation is described.