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American journal of ophthalmology

A novel mutation and phenotypes in phosphodiesterase 6 deficiency.


PMID 18723146

Abstract

To develop a systematic approach for the molecular diagnosis of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and to report new genotype-phenotype correlations for phosphodiesterase 6 (PDE6)-based RP mutations. Clinical and molecular studies on a retrospective case series. We screened 40 unrelated RP patients with an autosomal recessive RP microarray. Individuals with RP caused by PDE6 deficiency underwent genetic segregation and phenotype analysis. A disease-associated allele was identified in 32% of patients. Two probands (5%) had PDE6 mutations. The first proband was a compound heterozygote for known R102C and N216S alleles in PDE6A (MIM#180071). Pedigree analysis determined that the N216S variant was benign and direct sequencing discovered a novel, S303C allele. The second proband had a homozygous D600N mutation in the PDE6B gene (MIM#180072). Visual acuities of PDE6-deficient patients ranged from 20/40 to 20/200. Clinical studies showed unusual vitreomacular traction, cystoid macular edema, macular atrophy, and ring hyperfluorescence in PDE6-deficient patients. Such extensive vitreoretinal degeneration is not characteristic of photoreceptor-specific enzyme deficiencies. High-throughput deoxyribonucleic acid microarray chips can be used in combination with clinical imaging to precisely characterize patients with RP. Identifying the precise mutation in RP may become the standard of care as gene therapy emerges.