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The Journal of biological chemistry

In vitro biosynthesis of [Thr2,Leu5,D-Hiv8,Leu10]-cyclosporin, a cyclosporin-related peptolide, with immunosuppressive activity by a multienzyme polypeptide.


PMID 1874714

Abstract

A new cyclic peptolide (SDZ 214-103), which is produced by the fungus Cylindrotrichumoligospermum (Corda) BONORDEN (Dreyfuss, M. M., Schreier, M. H., Tscherter, H., and Wenger, R. (June 15, 1988) European Patent Application 0 296 123 A2) and is closely related to cyclosporin A (CyA), has as the main structural difference D-2-hydroxyisovaleric acid in ester linkage at position 8 instead of D-alanine in the cyclosporins. This peptolide exerts similar biological activities to CyA. We were able to prepare an enzyme fraction of crude extracts of the mycelium, which is capable of synthesizing the peptolide with consumption of the constitutive amino acids, D-2-hydroxyisovaleric acid, ATP, and S-adenosyl-L-methionine. The in vitro product co-chromatographs with authentic peptolide on thin layer chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography and shows similar immunosuppressive activity in vitro. The enzyme does not synthesize CyA, whereas cyclosporin synthetase does not synthesize the peptolide. Peptolide synthetase has a high molecular weight (in the same range as cyclosporin synthetase) and also does not appear to be glycosylated. The enzyme cross-reacts with antibodies directed specifically against cyclosporin synthetase.