EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology

NADPH oxidase in bone marrow-derived cells mediates pulmonary ischemia-reperfusion injury.


PMID 18787174

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a crucial role in ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury after lung transplantation. We hypothesized that NADPH oxidase derived from bone marrow (BM) cells contributes importantly to lung IR injury. An in vivo mouse model of lung IR injury was employed. Wild-type C57BL/6 (WT) mice, p47(phox) knockout (p47(phox)-/-) mice, or chimeras created by BM transplantation between WT and p47(phox)-/- mice were assigned to either Sham (left thoracotomy) or six study groups that underwent IR (1 h left hilar occlusion and 2 h reperfusion). After reperfusion, pulmonary function was assessed using an isolated, buffer-perfused lung system. Lung injury was assessed by measuring vascular permeability (via Evans blue dye), edema, neutrophil infiltration (via myeloperoxidase [MPO]), lipid peroxidation (via malondialdyhyde [MDA]), and expression of proinflammatory cytokines. Lung IR resulted in significantly increased MDA in WT mice, indicative of oxidative stress. WT mice treated with apocynin (an NADPH oxidase inhibitor) and p47(phox)-/- mice displayed significantly reduced pulmonary dysfunction and injury (vascular permeability, edema, MPO, and MDA). In BM chimeras, significantly reduced pulmonary dysfunction and injury occurred after IR in p47(phox)-/--->WT chimeras (donor-->recipient) but not WT-->p47(phox)-/- chimeras. Induction of TNF-alpha, IL-17, IL-6, RANTES (CCL5), KC (CXCL1), MIP-2 (CXCL2), and MCP-1 (CCL2) was significantly reduced after IR in NADPH oxidase-deficient mice and p47(phox)-/--->WT chimeras but not WT-->p47(phox)-/- chimeras. These results indicate that NADPH oxidase-generated ROS specifically from BM-derived cells contributes importantly to lung IR injury. NADPH oxidase may represent a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of IR injury after lung transplantation.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

E2129
Evans Blue, Dye content ≥75 %
C34H24N6Na4O14S4