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Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry

Acidic heterocycles as novel hydrophilic pharmacophore of androgen receptor ligands with a carborane core structure.


PMID 19022677

Abstract

A novel series of androgen receptor (AR) ligands bearing an acidic heterocycle with hydrogen-bonding ability as the terminal polar group was developed. Since most non-steroidal AR ligands so far known are structurally limited to nitro- or cyanobenzanilide as the polar pharmacophore, development of alternative hydrogen-bonding components is required to obtain novel AR ligands. Various acidic heterocycles were introduced into a hydrophobic phenylcarborane (1-phenyl-1,12-dicarba-closo-dodecaborane) core structure to provide a moiety that could interact effectively with the critical basic arginine residue of the AR ligand binding domain. The most potent compounds, 1,2,4-oxadiazole-5-thione derivatives 21a and 21b, exhibited higher affinity for hAR than did the well-known anti-androgen hydroxyflutamide. The results suggest that this heterocyclic functionality is potential bioisoster of the nitro and cyano groups forming the polar pharmacophores of known non-steroidal AR ligands.

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