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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

The effects of histamine H2 receptor antagonists on melanogenesis and cellular proliferation in melanoma cells in culture.


PMID 1904222

Abstract

B16-C3 murine melanoma, A375P human melanotic melanoma, and C32 human amelanotic melanoma cells were incubated in the presence of (0-4 mM) H2-antagonists, ranitidine and cimetidine. Cell proliferation, tyrosinase activity and melanin content were monitored. H2-antagonists stimulated tyrosinase activity and melanin accumulation in B16-C3 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Stimulation of enzyme activity and pigment production was accompanied by inhibition of cellular proliferation in B16-C3 cells. The inhibitory concentration of cimetidine was approximately 2-fold higher than that of ranitidine. H2-antagonists failed to stimulate melanogenesis in A375P or C32 cells, but inhibited cellular proliferation in both cell lines. These results are the first demonstration of H2-antagonist induced phenotypic changes in malignant melanoma cells in vitro, and represent a novel mechanism for the previously described in vivo antitumor effects of these agents.

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87090201
C32