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Journal of natural products

Antileishmaniasis activity of flavonoids from Consolida oliveriana.


PMID 19489596

Abstract

A set of flavonoids from Consolida oliveriana, kaempferol (1), quercetin (2), trifolin (3), and acetyl hyperoside (5) and their O-acetyl derivatives (1a, 2a, 3a), and octa-O-acetylhyperoside (4) showed leishmanicidal activity against promastigote as well as amastigote forms of Leishmania spp. The cellular proliferation, metabolic, and ultrastructural studies showed that the acetylated compounds 2a, 3a, and 4 were highly active against Leishmania (V.) peruviana, while 2a as well as 4 were effective against Leishmania (V.) braziliensis. These compounds were not cytotoxic and are effective at similar concentrations up to or lower than the reference drugs (pentostam and glucantim).