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Analytical chemistry

Noncompetitive fluorescence polarization aptamer-based assay for small molecule detection.


PMID 19630421

Abstract

In this paper, a new fluorescence polarization (FP) assay strategy is described reporting the first demonstration of a noncompetitive FP technique dedicated to the small molecule sensing. This approach was based on the unique induced-fit binding mechanism of nucleic acid aptamers which was exploited to convert the small target binding event into a detectable fluorescence anisotropy signal. An anti-L-tyrosinamide DNA aptamer, labeled by a single fluorescent dye at its extremity, was employed as a model functional nucleic acid probe. The DNA conformational change generated by the L-tyrosinamide binding was able to induce a significant increase in the fluorescence anisotropy signal. The method allowed enantioselective sensing of tyrosinamide and analysis in practical samples. The methodology was also applied to the L-argininamide detection, suggesting the potential generalizability of the direct FP-based strategy. Such aptamer-based assay appeared to be a sensitive analytical system of remarkable simplicity and ease of use.

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T3879
L-Tyrosinamide
C9H12N2O2