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Journal of natural products

Inhibition of the dimerization and active site of HIV-1 protease by secondary metabolites from the Vietnamese mushroom Ganoderma colossum.


PMID 19813754

Abstract

A new farnesyl hydroquinone, ganomycin I (1), was isolated along with ganomycin B (2) from the chloroform extract of the fruiting bodies of the Vietnamese mushroom Ganoderma colossum. These compounds inhibited HIV-1 protease with IC50 values of 7.5 and 1.0 microg/mL, respectively. Kinetic studies using Zhang-Poorman and Lineweaver plots revealed that compound 2 competitively inhibited the active site of the enzyme, whereas the tetracyclic triterpene schisanlactone A, previously isolated from the same fungus, was a dimerization inhibitor, with an IC50 value of 5.0 microg/mL. The previous findings were also confirmed by the virtual docking of both compounds with HIV-1 protease crystal structure.

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