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Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters

Antitumor agents. 271: total synthesis and evaluation of brazilein and analogs as anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic agents.


PMID 20036537

Abstract

The first total synthesis of the naturally occurring tetracyclic homoisoflavonoid brazilein (1) and 14 new analogs (1a-n) is reported. Target compounds and intermediates were assayed for anti-inflammatory effects on superoxide anion generation and elastase release by human neutrophils in response to fMLP/CB, and for cytotoxic activity against nasopharyngeal (KB), vincristine-resistant nasopharyngeal (KBvin), lung (A549) and prostate (DU-145) human cancer cell lines. The most active compound 1b showed potent effects on superoxide anion generation and elastase release with IC(50) values of 1.2 and 1.9 microM, respectively, and was 65 times more potent than phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF), the positive control, in the latter assay. Additionally, 1b exhibited broad spectrum in vitro anticancer activity with IC(50) values of 6-11 microM against the four tested cancer cell lines.

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93482
Phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride solution, ~0.1 M in ethanol (T)