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Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy

High diversity of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases in Escherichia coli isolates from Italian broiler flocks.


PMID 20100875

Abstract

We characterized 67 Escherichia coli isolates with reduced susceptibility to cefotaxime or ceftiofur obtained from healthy broilers housed in five Italian farms. The bla(CTX-M-1), bla(CTX-M-32) and bla(SHV-12) beta-lactamase genes were identified on IncI1, IncN, or IncFIB plasmids. Considerable genetic diversity was detected among the extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing isolates, and we identified indistinguishable strains in unrelated farms and indistinguishable plasmids in genetically unrelated strains. The detection of highly mobile plasmids suggests a potential animal reservoir for beta-lactamase genes.