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Oncogene

VAV2 regulates epidermal growth factor receptor endocytosis and degradation.


PMID 20140013

Abstract

Vav proteins are guanine nucleotide exchange factors for Rho GTPases that regulate cell adhesion, motility, spreading and proliferation in response to growth factor signalling. In this work, we show that Vav2 expression delayed epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) internalization and degradation, and enhanced EGFR, ERK and Akt phosphorylations. This effect of Vav2 on EGFR degradation is dependent on its guanine nucleotide exchange function. Knockdown of Vav2 in HeLa cells enhanced EGFR degradation and reduced cell proliferation. epidermal growth factor stimulation led to co-localization of Vav2 with EGFR and Rab5 in endosomes. We further show that the effect of Vav2 on EGFR stability is modulated by its interaction with two endosome-associated proteins and require RhoA function. Thus, in this work, we report for the first time that Vav2 can regulate growth factors receptor signalling by slowing receptor internalization and degradation through its interaction with endosome-associated proteins.