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Arthritis research & therapy

Interleukin-17A upregulates receptor activator of NF-kappaB on osteoclast precursors.


PMID 20167120

Abstract

The interaction between the immune and skeletal systems is evidenced by the bone loss observed in autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. In this paper we describe a new mechanism by which the immune cytokine IL-17A directly affects osteoclastogenesis. Human CD14+ cells were isolated from healthy donors, cultured on dentine slices and coverslips and stimulated with IL-17A and/or receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL). Osteoclast differentiation was evaluated by gene expression, flow cytometry, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining, fluorescence and electron microscopy. Physiologic bone remodelling was studied in wild-type (Wt) and IL-17A-/- mice using micro-computer tomography and serum RANKL/osteoprotegerin concentration. Functional osteoclastogenesis assays were performed using bone marrow macrophages isolated from IL-17A-/- and Wt mice. IL-17A upregulates the receptor activator for NF-kappaB receptor on human osteoclast precursors in vitro, leading to increased sensitivity to RANKL signalling, osteoclast differentiation and bone loss. IL-17A-/- mice have physiological bone homeostasis indistinguishable from Wt mice, and bone marrow macrophages isolated from these mice develop fully functional normal osteoclasts. Collectively our data demonstrate anti-IL-17A treatment as a selective therapeutic target for bone loss associated with autoimmune diseases.