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FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Negative regulation of Wnt signaling mediated by CK1-phosphorylated Dishevelled via Ror2.


PMID 20215527

Abstract

Dishevelled (Dvl) is a multifunctional effector of different Wnt cascades. Both canonical Wnt3a and noncanonical Wnt5a stimulate casein-kinase-1 (CK1) -mediated phosphorylation of Dvl, visualized as electrophoretic mobility shift [phosphorylated and shifted Dvl (ps-Dvl)]. However, the role of this phosphorylation remains obscure. Here we report the functional interaction of ps-Dvl with the receptor tyrosine kinase Ror2, which is an alternative Wnt receptor and is able to inhibit canonical Wnt signaling. We demonstrate interaction between Ror2 and ps-Dvl at the cell membrane after Wnt3a or Wnt5a stimulus dependent on CK1. Ps-Dvl interacts with the C-terminal proline-serine-threonine-rich domain of Ror2, which is required for efficient inhibition of canonical Wnt signaling. We further show that the Dvl C terminus, which seems to be exposed in ps-Dvl and efficiently binds Ror2, is an intrinsic negative regulator of the canonical Wnt pathway downstream of beta-catenin. The Dvl C terminus is necessary and sufficient to inhibit canonical Wnt/beta-catenin signaling, which is dependent on the presence of Ror2. Furthermore, both the Dvl C terminus and CK1epsilon can inhibit the Wnt5a/Ror2/ATF2 pathway in mammalian cells and Xenopus explant cultures. This suggests that phosphorylation of Dvl triggers negative feedback regulation for different branches of Wnt signaling in a Ror2-dependent manner.