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Journal of medicinal chemistry

2-MeS-beta,gamma-CCl2-ATP is a potent agent for reducing intraocular pressure.


PMID 20337495

Abstract

Extracellular nucleotides can modify the production or drainage of the aqueous humor via activation of P2 receptors and therefore affect the intraocular pressure (IOP). We have synthesized slowly hydrolyzable nucleoside di- and triphosphate analogues, 1, and 8-14. Analogues 8-14 were completely resistant to hydrolysis by alkaline phosphatase over 30 min at 37 degrees C. In human blood serum, analogues 8-14 exhibited high stability, e.g., analogues 9 and 10-14 were only 15% and 0% degraded after 24 h, respectively. Moreover, analogues 8-14 were highly stable at pH 1.4 (t(1/2) 1 h-30 days). Analogues 8-14 were agonists of the P2Y(1) receptor (EC(50) 0.57-9.54 muM). Ocular administration of most analogues into rabbits reduced IOP, e.g., analogue 9 reduced IOP by 32% (EC(50) 95.5 nM). Analogue 9 was more effective at reducing IOP than several common glaucoma drugs and represents a promising alternative to timolol maleate, which cannot be used for the treatment of patients suffering from asthma or cardiac problems.

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Adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP) disodium salt hydrate, vial of ~1 mg ATP
C10H14N5Na2O13P3 · xH2O