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Journal of the American Chemical Society

Use of a 1H-benzoimidazole derivative as an n-type dopant and to enable air-stable solution-processed n-channel organic thin-film transistors.


PMID 20552967

Abstract

We present here the development of a new solution-processable n-type dopant, N-DMBI. Our experimental results demonstrated that a well-known n-channel semiconductor, [6,6]-phenyl C(61) butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM), can be effectively doped with N-DMBI by solution processing; the film conductivity is significantly increased by n-type doping. We utilized this n-type doping for the first time to improve the air-stability of n-channel organic thin-film transistors, in which the doping can compensate for the electron traps. Our successful demonstration of n-type doping using N-DMBI opens up new opportunities for the development of air-stable n-channel semiconductors. It is also potentially useful for application on solution-processed organic light-emitting diodes and organic photovoltaics.