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European journal of medicinal chemistry

Structure-activity relationship studies of acridones as potential antipsoriatic agents. 2. Synthesis and antiproliferative activity of 10-substituted hydroxy-10H-acridin-9-ones against human keratinocyte growth.


PMID 20850910

Abstract

A series of 10-substituted hydroxy-10H-acridin-9-ones were synthesized and studied as potential antipsoriatic agents. The antiproliferative activity of the novel derivatives, which can be considered as aza-analogues of the antipsoriatic drug anthralin, was determined using the human keratinocyte cell line HaCaT. Structure-activity relationships with respect to the nature of the N-substituent at the acridone scaffold were delineated. Release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was used to exclude non-specific cytotoxic effects. As compared to anthralin, N-substitution of the acridone scaffold in the target compounds provided agents devoid of radical producing properties, which was documented by their ineffectiveness to interact with the free radical 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl. This was in excellent agreement with the data obtained from the LDH assay in which the novel compounds did not induce membrane damage. Benzyl substitution at the 10-position yielded keratinocyte growth inhibitory activity in the low micromolar range. The most potent inhibitor of keratinocyte hyperproliferation was compound 8a having an N-methyl group and a 1,3-dihydroxy arrangement at the acridone scaffold, with an IC(50) value comparable to that of anthralin.

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