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Molecular biology reports

The enhancement of propyl gallate-induced HeLa cell death by MAPK inhibitors is accompanied by increasing ROS levels.


PMID 21082265

Abstract

Propyl gallate (PG) as a synthetic antioxidant exerts a variety of effects on tissue and cell functions. Here, we investigated the effects of MAPK (MEK, JNK and p38) inhibitors on PG-treated HeLa cells in relation to cell death, ROS and GSH levels. PG induced cell growth inhibition and apoptosis in HeLa cells, which was accompanied by the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP; ΔΨm). ROS levels were increased or decreased in PG-treated HeLa cells depending on the incubation times. PG also increased GSH depleted cell numbers in HeLa cells. All the MAPK inhibitors slightly enhanced cell growth inhibition, death and MMP (ΔΨm) loss, and increased ROS levels in PG-treated HeLa cells. However, MAPK inhibitors did not significantly affect GSH depletion in PG-treated cells. In conclusion, the enhanced effect of MAPK inhibitors on PG-induced HeLa cell death was accompanied by increasing ROS levels but the effect was not related to changes of GSH level.

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02370
Propyl gallate, for microscopy, ≥98.0% (HPLC)
C10H12O5