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Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry

Inhibitory effects of Mannich bases of heterocyclic chalcones on NO production by activated RAW 264.7 macrophages and superoxide anion generation and elastase release by activated human neutrophils.


PMID 21441032

Abstract

Some chalcones exert potent anti-inflammatory activities. Mannich bases of heterocyclic chalcones inhibited nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide and interferon-γ stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Also Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe and cytochalasin B induced superoxide anion generation (O2·-) and elastase release in human neutrophils. Mannich bases of heterocyclic chalcone analogs exhibited potent inhibitory effects on NO production with IC(50) values ranges between 10.5 and 0.018 μM, O2·- generation (IC(50) 39.87-0.68 μM) and elastase release (IC(50) 39.74-0.95 μM). Compound 29 (IC(50) 0.055 μM) and 34 (IC(50) 0.018 μM) were showed excellent inhibition on NO production. On the other hand, compounds 2 and 8 showed potent inhibition on O2·- generation and elastase release. Therefore, these four compounds may be new leads for development of anti-inflammatory activities. The structure-activity relationships are also discussed.

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