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Leukemia research

Genetic disruption of the scaffolding protein, Kinase Suppressor of Ras 1 (KSR1), differentially regulates GM-CSF-stimulated hyperproliferation in hematopoietic progenitors expressing activating PTPN11 mutants D61Y and E76K.


PMID 21555152

Abstract

Activating PTPN11 mutants promote hematopoietic progenitor hyperactivation of Erk and hypersensitivity to GM-CSF. We hypothesized that Kinase Suppressor of Ras 1 (KSR1) contributes to activating PTPN11-induced GM-CSF hypersensitivity. Bone marrow progenitors from WT and KSR1-/- mice expressing WT Shp2, Shp2E76K, or Shp2D61Y were evaluated functionally and biochemically. KSR1 activation and interaction with phospho-Erk was enhanced in Shp2D61Y- and ShpE76K-expressing cells. Genetic disruption of KSR1 partially normalized Shp2E76K-induced GM-CSF hypersensitivity, but failed to correct Shp2D61Y-induced GM-CSF hypersensitivity. Collectively, these studies suggest that cells expressing Shp2E76K have a greater dependence on KSR1 for GM-CSF hypersensitivity than cells expressing Shp2D61Y.