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International journal of cancer

Modulation of type-IV collagenase activity and invasive behavior of metastatic human melanoma (A2058) cells in vitro by monoclonal antibodies to type-IV collagenase.


PMID 2166712

Abstract

Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against human type-IV collagenase were developed and used for studies on enzyme activity and tumor-cell invasion in vitro. Fifteen MAb clones were generated against the enzyme purified form serum-free culture medium of human melanoma cells (A2058). Five clones affecting the activity of type-IV collagenase were selected for further characterization. All the selected clones could be used for a single-step purification of type-IV collagenase using IgG-Sepharose affinity columns. One of the antibodies activated the enzyme when 3H-proline-labelled type-IV collagen was used as substrate. The activation was dependent on the enzyme antibody ratio. Four clones caused more than 30% inhibition of the activity, maximal inhibition being 50%. Interestingly, the same antibody which activated the enzyme also increased the invasion of A2058 cells through a reconstituted basement membrane in an in vitro invasion assay. The 4 inhibitory antibodies decreased the penetration of A2058 cells through the reconstituted basement membrane. The results strongly support previous findings about the importance of type-IV collagenase in tumor-cell invasion.

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91100402
A2058