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American journal of medical genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric genetics : the official publication of the International Society of Psychiatric Genetics

Phenotypical spectrum of cerebellar ataxia associated with a novel mutation in the CA8 gene, encoding carbonic anhydrase (CA) VIII.


PMID 21812104

Abstract

We define the neurological characteristics of familial cases from multiple branches of a large consanguineous family with cerebellar ataxia, mental retardation (MR), and dysequilibrium syndrome type 3 caused by a mutation in the recently cloned CA8 gene. The linkage analysis revealed a high logarithm of the odds (LOD) score region on 8q that harbors the CA8 in which a novel homozygous c.484G>A (p.G162R) mutation was identified in all seven affected members. The patients had variable cerebellar ataxia and mild cognitive impairment without quadrupedal gait. The brain MRI showed variable cerebellar volume loss and ill-defined peritrigonal white matter abnormalities. The Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography (FDG PET) revealed hypometabolic cerebellar hemispheres, temporal lobes, and mesial cortex. This report expands the neurological and radiological phenotype associated with CA8 mutations. CA8 involvement should be considered in the differential diagnosis of other genetically unresolved autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxias.